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Understanding ADHD: Types and Characteristics of ADHD

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Mixed Race boy throwing paper airplane in class

John, an 11 year old boy diagnosed with ADHD is rarely organized,

easily loses focus, doesn’t really talk so much but thinks before acting.

While Tina, another child with ADHD is quite organized,

but talks a whole lot, acts impulsively and very restless.

On the other hand, Sammy also diagnosed with ADHD is disorganized,

acts before thinking, hyperactive and talks too much.

 

The question that comes to mind here is,

“Why do they all exhibit different characteristics despite being diagnosed with the same disorder?”

This is because Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD) is generally known to have three subtypes which are:

  • The predominantly inattentive subtype
  • The predominantly hyperactive/impulsive subtype
  • The combined subtype.

The signs and symptoms exhibited by individuals with ADHD largely depends on the predominance of a particular characteristic.

There are 3 key characteristics of ADHD which are Inattention, Hyperactivity and Impulsivity.

Simply put;

A child that has the predominantly inattentive subtype of ADHD will majorly manifest the signs and symptoms of inattention such as:

  • Inability to pay attention to tasksgirl-daydreaming-rex
  • Poor focus
  • Poor organizational skills
  • Poor listening skills
  • Delay in processing information
  • Carelessness and forgetfulness
  • Getting bored easily
  • Difficulty following instructions
  • Persistent daydreaming

While another child with the Predominantly hyperactive/impulsive subtype of ADHD will majorly exhibit the signs and symptoms of hyperactivity/impulsivity such as:Hyperactive child

  • Restlessness
  • Impatience
  • Making impulsive decisions
  • Talkativeness
  • Inability to sit still.
  • Hyperactivity
  • Fidgeting/Squirming

Finally, a child with the combined subtype of ADHD will generally exhibit the signs and symptoms of both the inattentive and hyperactive/impulsive subtypes.

According to the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), most children have the combined type.

500_hyperactivekid

Remember to follow me on twitter @DrMorayoJimoh for more interesting updates on

#LetstalkaboutADHD

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Author: mhcbiofeedback

Dr. Morayo Jimoh, a Chartered Educational Psychologist, is also a neurofeedback therapist in private practice. She obtained a Doctoral degree in the field of Psychology of Education from University of South Africa (UNISA). She is a member of the following associations: 1. Association for Applied psychophysiology and Biofeedback (AAPB); 2. International Society for Neurofeedback and Research (ISNR); and 3. American Psychological Association (APA). 4. British Psychological Society 5. Psychological Society of South Africa Her field of interest is neuropsychological learning disabilities in children. Dr. Morayo Jimoh is a lecturer in Child Development in the Department of Early Childhood Education and Development under Distance learning at University of South Africa.

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